Emissions & Carbon Markets

About the Course

In the first level of the “Emissions, Emission Markets & Trading” programme focus is on the actual, physical emission of greenhouse gasses. The Kyoto protocol and its (potential) follow ups are incorporated in this programme.

During this programme students learn about technical solutions to lower emissions. Sustainable energy (renewables, such as biofuels) are covered.

This programme also covers financial solutions in the form of subsidies and taxation. And students learn about trading-related solutions. The European Union mandatory regime is incorporated as well as voluntary mechanisms.

Knowledge of physicality and technical background are essential in order to understand pricing mechanisms and the organisation of emission markets. Without this know how one cannot embed logic with respect to trading & risk management.

Course Contents

Fundamentals of emissions

  • Concerning the greenhouse gasses and their consequences
  • About Kyoto & UNFCCC
  • Covering the Conferences of Parties (COP)

Emission rights – Carbon markets

  • About the basic idea of creating a price incentive or cost
  • Concerning the trading of emission rights
  • Explaining the consequence for power prices & the merit order

Emission trading scheme (ETS)

  • Covering EU’s Directorate-General for Climate Action (DG CLIMA)
  • About the EU-ETS cap & trade mechanism; how does it work?
  • Concerning European Union Allowances (EUAs) & registration

Clean development mechanism (CDM) & Joint implementation (JI)

  • Concerning project-based UN initiatives
  • Certified emission rights (CERs) & emission reduction units (ERUs)

Guarantee of origin, green certificates & others

  • About carbon credits
  • Concerning green certificates, verified emission rights & others
  • Covering initiatives based on voluntary participation

Pricing of emission rights

  • About the ETS phases: 2005-2007, 2008-2012, 2013-2020
  • Concerning price driving factors
  • Carbon taxation instead of capping & trading

Exam & Certification


Our Labels

Entrima and Market Abuse Centre (MAC) are the two labels we operate to provide learning services for professionals in the commodity & energy markets.

Content & Context

Entrima’s mission is to transfer knowledge regarding the business, controls & operations of parties in (or relating to) the wholesale markets.


Conduct & Culture

MAC’s mission is to facilitate the prevention & detection of misconduct and to foster proper behaviour in organisations. This is achieved via training, periodic updates and increased awareness.