Physical Withholding

Market Manipulation — Trade Compliance & Surveillance

About the online training programme

Physical withholding concerns a manipulative scheme, which is not so much applied in equity or bond markets, but, instead, in the commodity commodities. Professionals with market access need to know about the ins and out so that one can prevent this kind of abusive behaviour. Professionals with a market monitoring or surveillance function have to be able to detect abusive behaviours.

Course contents

This series of courses consists of the following video lessons, as well as an exam:

  1. Introduction
  2. What can be withheld?
  3. Emerging science
  4. The California electricity crisis
  5. The Iberdrola case
  6. Intentionally booking sufficient capacity
  7. Unintentionally withholding demand
  8. Cross-zonal electricity transmission capacity hoarding – Introduction
  9. Cross-zonal electricity transmission capacity hoarding – Implicit & explicit capacity allocation
  10. Cross-zonal electricity transmission capacity hoarding – Two aspects
  11. Cross-zonal electricity transmission capacity hoarding – Example with implicit allocation
  12. Cross-zonal electricity transmission capacity hoarding – Example with explicit allocation

Learning Platform

€ 1,490

Access to all 80+ courses & exams
Validity 12 months

Buy Access Now Free Trial

About our Learning Platform

With no time-to-market, any learner can buy a licence for 365 days access. Alike Netflix, we provide 24/7 access to all listed courses and exams. Self-study in own time and at own pace, with instant certification upon passing an exam. Access-to-all is provided upon the purchase of a learning licence, one for each learner. Discount for group. Observe our ultra-quick customer on-boarding.

Our Purpose

Entrima provides learning services for professionals in the commodity & energy markets.

Content & Context

Entrima’s mission is to transfer knowledge regarding the business, controls & operations of parties in (or relating to) the wholesale markets.

Conduct & Culture

Entrima mission is to facilitate the prevention & detection of misconduct and to foster proper behaviour in organisations. This is achieved via training, periodic updates and increased awareness.