Learning Platform - "Trade Compliance & Surveillance"

Course: Marking the Close

About the online training programme

Marking the close concerns a form of market manipulation. It concerns the manipulation of reference prices, such as settlement prices, indices or markers, which are used as reference to settle contracts, like commodity supply agreements of financial instruments, such as cash settled derivatives. Manipulation of a reference price would imply that invoicing takes place on an incorrect price reference. Analogously, positions are valuated in an incorrect way. However, regulations which prohibit market abuse in financial markets aim to protect investors, while regulations which prohibit market abuse in commodity and energy markets aim to protect consumers.

Course contents

This series of courses covers the following videos:

  1. Price positioning – Introduction
  2. Price positioning – When and where?
  3. Marking the close – Introduction
  4. Settlement of commodity supply contacts
  5. Settlement of derivatives contracts
  6. Valuation of contracts
  7. Markers
  8. Marking references
  9. Mistakes
  10. Benchmarks
  11. The LIBOR scandal
  12. Conflicts of interest
  13. Corporate policy
  14. Example
  15. Trigger
  16. Choice market
  17. Susupicious timing

Entrima has trained numerous professionals and certified thousands of learners, and counting

The in-company training services were very satisfying, amongst others, as they served the purpose of learning by debate and through exchange of thoughts.

Pieter Schuurs
Intercontinental Exchange | ICE Endex

The most positive element of ENTRIMA’s online learning services concerns the progressive (step-by-step) approach from simple to more complex concepts.

Ronan Haas

The online learning services are based on a comprehensive curriculum with a wide variety of theoretical basics combined with a profound business knowledge. The courses provide an in-depth understanding of business relevant processes.

Mario Claeys
Uniper Global Commodities

ENTRIMA’s courses are very suitable for our employees; good quality content is what we look for.

Rob Veersma
Advisor | Global Energy Community

Really well structured and easy to follow content that is varied in delivery in order to keep the reader engaged. Looking forward to seeing more from the ENTRIMA in the future!

Erika Rabadia
Manager Trading Surveillance | Shell

The course provided a good explanation.

Mohammed Abi Afthab Olikathodi
Analyst Energy Data & Scenarios at Eurelectric

Content was good.

Maria Kramer
Operational Risk Management at Statkraft

Good illustrations

Nataly Trofimova
Head of Internal Audit at D.Trading

The most positive element of the course were the short informative lectures.

Olga Lysytsyna
Senior Consultant at E-Star

It is very informative and well described. The subtitles help.

Mohammed Abi Afthab Olikathodi
Analyst Energy Data & Scenarios at Eurelectric

ENTRIMA’s Learning Platform provides access to a rich variety of courses which is really valuable for a life-long learner. You can access the content anytime and very easily, using your time wisely to study and grow.

Onest-Dan Gheorghisor
Sr. Expert Energy Trading & Risk Management B2B & B2C Sales OVM Petrom