Agri – Soybean Crush Spread

Short description

Master the dynamics of the gross processing margin of soybean crusher capacity.


The aim of this simulation is manifold, namely to master the hedging process of soybean crushing capacity, as well as to understand that there are different standard conversion ratios for traded crush spread futures contracts. This way, you’ll learn that the gross margin is dynamic and you’ll experience that hedging requires swift action in all legs.


You act in the role of a (beans and products) trader at a commodity trading firm.
You act in the capacity of aggressor.


Your task is to sell a crush spread to hedge your facility and to calculate the gross processing margin you have realised for your employer. Do this as follows:

Buy a futures contract concerning the input commodity (beans), and (simultaneously)
Sell short the futures contracts for the output commodity

This implies the following:

The long beans position implies an obligation to take delivery in time at the contract price.
The short oil and meal positions imply obligations to make delivery in time at the contract price.

You can also analyse three different facilities on the side, facing three different efficiency ratios, indicating the conversion ratios (standard conventions):

The 1 : 1 : 1 crush spread
The 1 : 1.1 : 0.9 crush spread
The 1 : 0.9 : 1.1 crush spread


At the end of the simulation, analyse your performance. See what you have done and when you have done this and whether it could have been optimised. This way, you learn and optimise your competences.

Our Purpose

Entrima provides learning services for professionals in the commodity & energy markets.

Content & Context

Entrima’s mission is to transfer knowledge regarding the business, controls & operations of parties in (or relating to) the wholesale markets.

Conduct & Culture

Entrima mission is to facilitate the prevention & detection of misconduct and to foster proper behaviour in organisations. This is achieved via training, periodic updates and increased awareness.